Hyperthyroidism in Teenagers: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism in teenagers is a medical condition of the imbalance of hormones in the human body. In this specific case it is called as the condition of overactive thyroid. This is a special case of thyroid in which the body or in other words they thyroid producing glands produce the thyroid hormones or thyroxine in excess quantity than the body usually needs. This case is quite opposite and contrary to the case of hypothyroidism where the body or the thyroid producing gland is unable to produce the required amount of T3 and T4 levels of hormones. Most human suffer from this medical condition of hormonal imbalance without even knowing it in the first place and the disease is diagnosed only after serious complications are discovered.

Most common causes of Hyperthyroidism

The most common reason of hyperthyroidism in teenagers and members of all age groups is the excess production of the thyroid hormones or thyroxine which can happen due to many reasons. When the entire thyroid gland starts releasing this hormone in great numbers, hyperthyroidism occurs. Sometimes, it is not the entire gland buy one of the nodes that malfunctions and releases excess hormones. In this case node is termed as or referred to as ‘hot node’ by the doctors. The inflammation of thyroid gland can also result in excess production of thyroxine and similarly it can occur when oral consumption of the thyroid hormones supplement reaches its peak and starts producing it in excess. Graves’s disease is also a major cause of hyperthyroidism. In this case the gland produces excess thyroid hormone in response to abnormal immune system of the body. Whatever the cause maybe, treatment of hyperthyroidism should be started immediately once it is discovered.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism in teenagers has very obvious symptoms but is easily confused with other medical conditions like difficulty in concentration, fatigue, frequent bowel movements, Goiter, Heat intolerance, Increased appetite, increased sweating, irregular menstrual cycle in women and girls, restlessness and weight loss. In very rare and extreme cases, it might also result in weight gain. Hyperthyroidism in teenagers especially in boys might also result in development of breasts, clammy skin, diarrhea, hair loss, hand tremor, weakness, high blood pressure, sleeping difficulties and protruding eyes. These symptoms are easily confused with other medical imbalances and conditions which make it difficult to be treated. It is advised to undergo medical examination to confirm the medical condition of hyperthyroidism and follow up the treatment procedure accordingly.

Treatment of Prognosis of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is generally a treatable medical condition of the imbalance of hormone level in the human body and only in extremely rare cases can it become life threatening to the patient. Although hyperthyroidism caused by Graves disease can become severe and cause problems in daily life. Usually the symptoms of hyperthyroidism in teenagers get treated themselves over a period of time. However in certain cases the treatment procedure might be require treating this medical condition if it is expected that the imbalance might get worse in coming time and needs to be stopped immediately. The most basic treatment procedure is to use anti thyroid medications which will control the production and secretion of thyroid hormones. In some cases radioactive therapy may also be given to the patients who destroys the existing thyroid hormones in great numbers and control their production. The last and final resort to keep a check on this hormone production is surgery which can be very painful and costly. Doctors usually avoid this method and prefer the first two for treatment of hyperthyroidism in teenagers.

Stay Alert

If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms since a long time, it is best advisable to contact your doctor. Your hormonal imbalance, hyperthyroidism in teenagers specially, may be chronic or genetic depending on your situation and should be treated urgently to avoid complications in future.

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