Is Hyperthyroidism Curable or Controllable?

Hyperthyroidism is a clinical condition in which the thyroid hormones are produced in excess than the normal requirement of the body. It is just a symptom and treatment generally depends on the underlying defect that caused a disruption in the thyroid function in the first place. ‘Cure’ and ‘treat’ are two distinct words with completely different meanings. A so called ‘cure’ often means returning back to normal after being diseased, whereas, ‘treating or treatment’ focuses on attempting to remove the discomfort associated with a disease, which may or may not always be reversed. Thus, before addressing the question is hyperthyroidism curable or if it can only be controlled, we must first understand the circumstances that can cause an elevated production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), or commonly referred to as the thyroid hormones. There are two schools of thought when it comes to answering the question: is hyperthyroidism curable. The first school of thought, the conventional medicine, suggests that only some forms of hyperthyroidism are curable. The other school of thought, complementary and alternative medicine claims that hyperthyroidism is curable. Let us see in detail what the rationale behind each of the claims is.

Conventional medicine claims that diagnosis and treatment depends on the underlying origin of hyperthyroidism. Today science tells us that there are three basic conditions that often lead to hyperthyroidism, namely, the Graves’ disease, thyroiditis and toxic nodular goiter. Graves’ disease is perhaps the most common form and often requires life time medication. It is also called as diffuse toxic goiter and commonly has a genetic predisposition. Is hyperthyroidism curable in Graves’ disease? The answer is no, it is not. However, with the modern drugs that are based on clinical research, it is definitely treatable and has a good prognosis. In thyroiditis or inflammation of the thyroid gland, there is an excess of thyroid hormone production. There are three further sub types of thyroiditis, of which the autoimmune type is again difficult to cure. Thyroiditis is probably the only type of thyroid disease in which we can answer positively to the question, is hyperthyroidism curable. The third type of hyperthyroidism is toxic nodular goiter in which benign tumors disturb the thyroid function. In such cases, surgery is generally successfully and again this positively answers the question, is hyperthyroidism curable. Thus, in conventional medicine, a few types of hyperthyroidism are curable, whereas a few require lifetime care.

Complementary and alternative medicine is an umbrella term that includes many therapies like Yoga, naturopathy, herbal medicine, dieting etc. Such medicinal systems answer positively to the question, is hyperthyroidism curable. So what different things do these systems do? Well, Yoga schools claim that supplementing regular treatment with certain hyperthyroidism specific yogic practices can reverse this condition. Other faith-based systems believe that meditating helps in curing hyperthyroidism along with following of a healthy lifestyle. Naturopathy and herbal medicine claim that rigorous dieting and juicing and herbal supplementation is the key to the cure of hyperthyroidism. These systems also focus on the importance of regular physical activity, raw food intake, intensive dieting, and certain yoga techniques. These claims do say yes to, is hyperthyroidism curable, but, caution should be exerted while believing such claims as very few are documented and clinically approved.

Coming back to the important question, is hyperthyroidism curable? To summarize, a few types of hyperthyroidism are in fact curable. However, some are still not and require lifetime attention. Following complementary and alternative systems in addition to the regular medical service can be an added advantage and should be done under professionally qualified medicos. After all, integrating any medical practice that promotes health, can also increase the chances of positively answering the question, is hyperthyroidism curable?

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