Define Hyperthyroidism and Its Causes

Thyroid gland is a very important organ in the human body and this gland is a part of the endocrine system. This particular gland is the one responsible for controlling the use of energy in the whole body such as metabolism as well as production of proteins. This thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones and functions of this gland can affect the development of growth of individuals especially during puberty stage. This gland can develop a problem such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. These two are autoimmune disorders also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. This condition can either lead to hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. It is important for sufferers to know how to define hyperthyroidism. This article will mainly focus and define hyperthyroidism and it effect to the body.

Hyperthyroidism is the condition wherein the thyroid gland produces excessive amount of thyroid hormones. As you all know, anything in excess is bad for the body so everything must be under normal level. Once this condition occurs, the thyroid gland becomes very active in producing thyroid hormones. If you will define hyperthyroidism, then it is overactive thyroid function in the human body. This term actually refers to different diseases, but all of these are connected a common factor which is overproduction of hormones within the thyroid gland. These hormones are triiodothyronine and thyroxine. These hormones play a huge part in controlling the body’s system and excess amount of these hormones can lead to overworking of other systems and organ in the body.

Grave’s disease is considered as the main cause of this disorder. This condition is known as an autoimmune disorder. The symptom of this disease is enlarged goiter due to the swelling of the thyroid gland. One can also suffer from eye bulging or exophthalmos. There are other symptoms that can be connected to this disease such as rapid heartbeat and muscle weakness. There are different treatments for this condition like antithyroid medications, radioiodine treatment and thyroidectomy surgery. As many define hyperthyroidism, they also link its treatment to surgery. The surgery is either partial or complete removal of this thyroid gland.

People that might be suffering from this condition may experience different symptoms. Symptoms present in one patient might not be evident to the other one so they cannot be compared. Some might experience palpitations or cardiac arrhythmias. There is a possibility that person suffering from hyperthyroidism can suffer from heart failure due to overworking of the heart. Many define hyperthyroidism as the result of too much iodine in the body. Iodine is important in the production of these hormones that comes from the thyroid gland. If you have too much iodine in the body, then there will be overproduction of these hormones. An excess of these hormones can cause hormonal imbalance and this is not good for the body.

Right after you define hyperthyroidism, it is also important to know its symptoms for early detection. A person with this condition will suffer from rapid weight loss, Fatigue, nervousness, Palpitations, intolerance to warm weather, Muscle weakness, insomnia, hair loss and frequent bowel.  It is common for people suffering from this condition to experience weight loss because the body is experience increase metabolic rate. This is also one of the reasons why they also suffer from increase bowel movement because foods are easily digested and a person always feels hungry all the time. People with high metabolic rate define hyperthyroidism as a warm feeling than usual. With increase in the metabolic rate, one will experience speed in heartbeat that can cause palpitations and this can attribute to nervousness.


As medical books and professionals define hyperthyroidism they also explain different treatments for this condition such as surgery for the permanent removal of the thyroid gland. Other treatments are radioactive iodine intake and drugs that can neutralize these thyroid hormones to bring it to normal levels.

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