The Differences Between Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

Though many of us may have comes across the terms hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, it is quite possible that we may not be aware of the exact difference between the two. Put in simple words, hyperthyroidism is a situation where the thyroid glands secrete excess hormones than what is actually required by the body. On the other hand, hypothyroidism is a situation where the hormone secretion is lesser than what is actually needed by the body. It is important to understand the difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism because each one comes with its own share of problems and concerns.


We would, therefore, be spending some time over the next few paragraphs trying to understand what are the various issues and problems and care that we should take, when it comes to handling both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Let us first look at the various diseases, factors and conditions that could lead to hyperthyroidism or excess secretion of hormones as mentioned above. Too much of iodine intake is one of the most important reasons for increased hormone levels from the thyroid levels. In many parts of the world, the ground water has excessive iodine, leading to hyperthyroidism in large sections of the people who consume such ground water. There could be many situations where the thyroid gland may become big and this could, in turn, lead to excessive secretion of the hormones. A typical situation is pregnancy where it is common to see the size of the thyroid gland increasing quite a bit. Grave’s disease is another serious disorder, where the autoimmune system attacks the thyroid gland and causes it to increase hormone secretion.


Before we have a better look at hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, we would also do well to understand some common symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism. For example, symptoms such as mood swings, rapid heart beat, shaking hands, increased tiredness, fatigue and nervousness and skin flushing and itching could all be due to increased levels of hormone secretion from the thyroid gland. Hence, it is very important to understand the main differences between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism so that corrective and remedial action can be taken on the same.


Talking about hypothyroidism, it also comes with its own share of problems and symptoms. Knowing these symptoms would help us to draw the right light of difference between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism and understand each condition better. This is important because diagnosis and treatment can only be done with proper tests and proper understanding of the symptoms. Many beta blockers that are given for symptomatic treatment of hypothyroidism can cause the problem to exacerbate and increase in intensity. Taking of anti-thyroid medicines indiscreetly is another reason which could lead to hypothyroidism. Congenital birth defects could also lead to hypothyroidism. The symptoms associated with hypothyroidism are quite a few. These include fatigue, depression, dry skin and unusual weight gain and memory problem.


The problem with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism is that many of the symptoms are almost same and hence, it becomes difficult to identify whether a patient is suffering from hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism related problems. Under such circumstances, it would be better for you to seek as much information as possible from various sources. This will help you to identify the various symptoms and conditions associated with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism and will assist you in taking the right preventive steps accordingly. The internet, without any kind of doubt, is the best place where we can expect to get a lot of useful and relevant information about the various facets covering hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It is, therefore, very essential for you to try and spend as much time on the internet as possible gathering such information.




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